Sofós . 20th May, 2021

Computer



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Computer

Computers have been around for several generations. They may have changed their physical forms, but the main essence of computation remains. The computers of the beginning of the 1900s look much different from what we use now. Much like most of the creatures on Earth, they changed according to their nature and later progressed to survive. Computation is the ability to augment and amplify what we can do with our minds, extending our impacts to that of superhuman reach, competence, and efficiency. With computation, our impacts can be exponentially multiplied with much more promising results. The evolution of the computer probably started with the human desire to comprehend and manipulate the environment. They recognized the phenomenon of quantity and used their fingers to count and act upon materials items in their world. Simple methods would later continue to the creation of devices such as the abacus, wax tablets, and so on. With continued progress depended on using the powers of the natural world- steam, electricity, light, etc. Over time, our new devices increased the ability to save and find what we now call data, to communicate over distances, and to create information products. But the luxury of our devices didn’t start long ago. 100 years ago the communicating facility was an option only to the governments, large corporations, and wealthy peoples. Computer science has developed immensely during the 100 years. The history of computing has shared overlapping technology waves including human computation, mechanical calculation, mechanical data storage, electric commutation and computation, electronic computation, solid-state computing, parallel computing, and artificial intelligence. The abacus was the first physical tool built to carry out the computation. The abacus enabled people to calculate numbers and measurements beyond their raw mental capacity. The Sumerians of Mesopotamia are believed to be the original inventor of the abacus. The Sumerians had sophisticated cities with excellent economies and trade. They used counting and measuring instruments to transact business and distribute goods, such as grain and livestock. After the continuation of developments, the computer formed into a Difference engine and international business machine. And later it came to the World Wide Web. Through WWW, people and data are constantly connected, revolutionizing how we would communicate and exchange information. And with rapid development, it formed into something that could fit in our pockets. Unicode has been expanded to include a new, popular form of communication which is emojis. Today also many people would rather choose to do their shopping primarily through laptops and mobile phones to save time and space. Today the economy changed its form to E-Commerce. IBM’s deep blue computer beat world chess champion Garry Kasparov. Kasparov was caught by a strange play and later lost to IBM's machine. The Deep Blue was computing 200 million possible board positions each second during the match. The future of computers is looking towards achieving human intelligence. But the metric that determines whether a computer has achieved human intelligence is controversial among the AI community. If a computer were to write a best-selling novel or create a new product of creation it could be called intelligent but this task doesn’t require the computer to have human emotions and feelings. They can’t experience wisdom. If a computer and human were to talk to each other would they be able to communicate warmth, empathy, and loving behavior? Artificial intelligence is also said to cause demolition and might be a human enemy according to people. It also questions philosophical, intellectual, and important ideas. There is no definition of what constitutes a computer's intelligence equal to that of humans. As most of the things in the world. They have pros and cons. They might disrupt or flourish. The computer’s contribution has overlapped its disruptions by a huge gap but in the coming future when AI gains human intelligence that is, it would be a time of huge events.